New Delhi: Most of the outbound migrants were from India in 2017, followed by China and Bangladesh, according to the Asian Economic Integration Report 2018 by the Asian Development Bank. The report further said as many as one-third of international migrants were from Asia last year.
The report shows that with 17 million, India had the most outward migrants in 2017, followed by China with 10 million, and Bangladesh with 7.5 million. The report also reveals that the outward migration in Asia has outpaced inward migration.
The report notes that the stock of international migrants worldwide increased by four percent from 247.7 million in 2015 to 257.7 million in 2017. Over the same period, the global stock of migrants from Asia grew by 3.9 percent, from 83.6 million to 86.9 million. Inward migration to the region grew by 1.4 percent, from 41.8 million to 42.4 million.
According to the report, one in three migrants (33.4 percent) worldwide comes from Asia. The report also states that the stock of Asian migrants grew by 79.8 percent from 1990 to 2017 (from 48.3 million to 86.9 million). European migrants grew by only 28 percent (from 48.1 million to 61.6 million), decreasing from 32.1 percent to 23.7 percent over the same period.
The report says that the major host countries for Asian migrants are the United States (12.3 million), Saudi Arabia (8.5 million), and the Russian Federation (6.8 million).
The ADB report also points out that the intraregional migrants to India largely come from neighboring countries such as Bangladesh (3.1 million), Pakistan (1.1 million), and Nepal (0.5 million). Major host economies for intraregional migration include India (5 million); Thailand (3.5 million); Pakistan (3.4 million); Australia (3.2 million); and Hong Kong, China (2.7 million).